Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect and engineer. He made major contributions to art with works including the Last Supper and the Mona Lisa. A prolific inventor and scientist, he conceptualized ideas for a helicopter, a tank, concentrated solar power and a calculator. He explored many diverse subject areas including anatomy, botany, mathematics, geology, hydrology and flight.
Scientist and Artist
Da Vinci did not see a divide between science and art and believed that studying science made him a better artist. He approached scientific inquiry methodically using close observation, repeated testing, precise illustration and explanatory notes. The volume and variety of his work led him to be regarded as a genius.