Thomas Edison was an American inventor. Combined, he holds an astounding 1,093 single and joint patents. He is arguably most famous for his work with electricity and the incandescent light bulb. Along with the light bulb, Edison is also well known for the invention of the phonograph and one of the earliest motion picture cameras.
Edison had scarlet fever as a child, which led to severe hearing loss. His hearing loss made it difficult for him to learn in school and caused him to drop out at a young age. His disability kick-started his curiosity and love of reading. He believed that his deafness was an advantage, helping him to concentrate on his work.