George Washington Carver was an American agricultural chemist, agronomist, and inventor. He developed hundreds of products using peanuts, but contrary to popular belief, did not invent peanut butter! Carver was a proponent of crop rotation methods, which were also used by Native Americans.
This process helped salvage the nutrient depleted soil of Southern farms, saving the Southern economy.
Carver was born into slavery in 1861 and struggled to obtain an education because of the political climate in the South at that time. Despite these difficulties, Carver persisted. He graduated from and taught at Iowa Agricultural College, now Tuskegee College, as their first African American student, graduate and faculty member.